Grünes Besenmoos (Dicranum viride)

Biotope and species protection in the transition zone between a gravel sand open-pit mine and a Nature Reserve

Research and practical measures for conservation of the Green Fork-moss

Together with local stakeholders and the University of Bremen, the foundation Manfred-Hermsen-Stiftung is carrying out measures to protect the Green Fork-moss (Dicranum viride). For the continued existence of this moss, which is of particular conservation value, the preservation of the forest climate and thus the transition between the Langhagen open-cast mine site and the Nature reserve "Wüste & Glase" is of great importance. The project is cofunded by HeidelbergCement as part of its "Quarry Life Award" funding competition. 

The Langhagen gravel and sand open-pit mine is closely interlinked with the adjacent Nature reserve "Wüste & Glase" and other protected areas. Between the open-pit mining site and the nature reserve, the Green Fork-moss (Dicranum viride) has been found, a protected species listed in Annex II of the European Fauna-Flora-Habitat Directive, that significantly depends on a well-preserved forest habitat and the forest´s micro-climate (Berg et al., 2009; Linke et al., 2009 & Hahne, W. et al., 2013).

As part of this project, research on the habitat characteristics of the Green Fork-moss is being conducted and key renaturation and protection measures are carried out for its continued existence. For example, non-native coniferous plantations will be converted into near-natural mixed deciduous forests and a protective woodland edge will be planted around the forest. Furthermore, the habitats in the transition zone between nutrient-poor waterbodies of the opencast mine, sparse grassland and steep slopes, and the forest with its damp and cool climate, will be maintained and ecologically enhanced. 

The rare combination of such different habitats provides space for a high diversity of species and hence, by enhancing and maintaining these habitats, the ecological value of the landscape surrounding the gravel pit and the Nature Reserve will be improved on the long run. The woodland edge preserves the forest’s microclimate and will reduce disturbing influences from the mining activities. Thus, the project makes a crucial contribution to the preservation of flora and fauna, especially the Green Fork-moss, and will create a more beautiful landscape with enhanced biodiversity.

Erste Pflanzung heimischer Gehölze

The first planting of native trees and shrubs for the planned forest corridor took place in early April 2022.

Further information can be found here: