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17.04.09: Neuer Bericht: Hasankeyf und Tigris weltweit einzigartig (Fotos und Bericht zum Download)    

UNESCO-Antrag an türkischen Kulturminister überreicht.

Wien/Berlin/Zürich: Hasankeyf und das benachbarte Tigristal sind eine der wertvollsten Kultur- und Naturlandschaften der Welt. Das ergab jetzt eine Überprüfung von Wissenschaftlern anhand der UNESCO-Welterbekriterien. Danach erfüllt das Gebiet, das vom Ilisu Staudamm bedroht ist, neun von zehn möglichen Kriterien der Vereinten Nationen. Zum Vergleich: Venedig mit seinen Lagunen erfüllt sechs, die Pyramiden in Ägypten vier, die Salzburger Innenstadt drei, das Dresdner Elbetal vier Kriterien und die Altstadt von Bern ein Kriterium. Der türkische Popstar Tarkan überreichte gestern in Ankara dem türkischen Kulturminister Ertrugul Günay einen entsprechenden Antrag.

„Diese Bewertung zeigt einmal mehr, wie einzigartig Hasankeyf und das Tigristal sind und wie verheerend die Folgen des Ilisu-Projektes wären. Es geht um den Erhalt eines der bedeutendsten  Gebiete der Erde. Nur wenn Deutschland, Österreich und die Schweiz sich aus dem Projekt zurückziehen, kann dieses Welterbe gerettet werden", so Ulrich Eichelmann von ECA Watch Österreich.

Am 6. Juli läuft das Ultimatum der Europäer an die Türkei aus. Dann müssen sich Deutschland, Österreich und die Schweiz endgültig entscheiden, ob sie aus dem Projekt aussteigen oder ob sie es mit Staatsgarantien unterstützen.

Das Ziel der internationalen „Stop Ilisu Kampagne" ist der Schutz des Gebietes als UNESCO Weltkultur- und - naturerbe. Deshalb überreichten gestern Nachmittag der türkische Popstar Tarkan zusammen mit Vertretern der Naturschutzorganisation Doga Dernegi einen entsprechenden Antrag an den zuständigen türkischen Kulturminister Ertugrul Günay. Der Antrag wurde von Wissenschaftlern unter der Leitung von Frau Professor Zeynep Ahunbay, Universität Istanbul, ausgearbeitet.

Minister Günay sagte seine Unterstützung zu, das Gebiet zu erhalten. Rechtlich kann nur die türkische Regierung die Unterschutzstellung bei der UNESCO beantragen. „Die positive Reaktion des Kulturministers lässt hoffen, dass bei einem Ausstieg der Europäer aus „Ilisu" ein Umdenken der türkischen Regierung einsetzt. Ein Welterbestatus statt dem Staudammprojekt würde der Region endlich  neue Chancen für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung eröffnen", so Heike Drillisch von dem deutschen Netzwerk GegenStrömung.

 Bericht zum Download 

  • Fotos zum Download (bitte auf das jeweilige Bild klicken)
              Popstar Tarkan

v. l.: Chef von Doga Dernegi         Popstar Tarkan
Guven Erken, Popstar Tarkan,
Kulturminister Günay

  • Anhang 1: Kriterien der UNESCO, die Hasankeyf und das Tigristal erfüllen


Anhang 1: Kriterien der UNESCO, die Hasankeyf und das Tigristal erfüllen

The Nine Criteria met by Hasankeyf and the Tigris Valley are:

1. to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;

2. to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;

3. to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;

4. to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;

5. to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;

6. to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;

7. to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or  significant geomorphic or physiographic features;

8. to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;

9. to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

Anhang 2: Liste anderer UNESCO Welterbestätte

List of World Heritage Sites (examples)

1. Jordan- Petra  (3 Criterias): Inhabited since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges. It is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture. Criterias: (i)(iii)(iv)

2. China - The Great Wall (5 Criterias): In c. 220 B.C., under Qin Shi Huang, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defence system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), when the Great Wall became the world's largest military structure. Its historic and strategic importance is matched only by its architectural significance. Criterias: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

3. Egypt - Memphis and its Necropolis - the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (3 Criterias): The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Criterias: (i)(iii)(vi)

4. India - Taj Mahal (1 Criteria): An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage. Criteria: (i)

5. United States of America - Grand Canyon National Park (4 Criterias): Carved out by the Colorado River, the Grand Canyon (nearly 1,500 m deep) is the most spectacular gorge in the world. Located in the state of Arizona, it cuts across the Grand Canyon National Park. Its horizontal strata retrace the geological history of the past 2 billion years. There are also prehistoric traces of human adaptation to a particularly harsh environment. Criterias: (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

6. Peru - Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (4 Criterias) : Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments. The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna. Criterias: (i)(iii)(vii)(ix)

7. Argentina - Iguazu National Park ( 2 Criterias): The semicircular waterfall at the heart of this site is some 80 m high and 2,700 m in diameter and is situated on a basaltic line spanning the border between Argentina and Brazil. Made up of many cascades producing vast sprays of water, it is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The surrounding subtropical rainforest has over 2,000 species of vascular plants and is home to the typical wildlife of the region: tapirs, giant anteaters, howler monkeys, ocelots, jaguars and caymans. Criterias: (vii)(x)

8. Australia - Tasmanian Wilderness (7 Criterias): In a region that has been subjected to severe glaciation, these parks and reserves, with their steep gorges, covering an area of over 1 million ha, constitute one of the last expanses of temperate rainforest in the world. Remains found in limestone caves attest to the human occupation of the area for more than 20,000 years. Criterias: (iii)(iv)(vi)(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

9. Brazil - Central Amazon Conservation Complex (2 Criterias): The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over 6 million hectares) and is one of the planet's richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It also includes an important sample of varzea ecosystems, igapó forests, lakes and channels which take the form of a constantly evolving aquatic mosaic that is home to the largest array of electric fish in the world. The site protects key threatened species, including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman and two species of river dolphin.  Criterias: (ix)(x)

10. Italy - Venice and its Lagoon (6 Criterias): Founded in the 5th century and spread over 118 small islands, Venice became a major maritime power in the 10th century. The whole city is an extraordinary architectural masterpiece in which even the smallest building contains works by some of the world's greatest artists such as Giorgione, Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese and others. Criterias: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)

11. Austria - Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (3 Criterias): Salzburg has managed to preserve an extraordinarily rich urban fabric, developed over the period from the Middle Ages to the 19th century when it was a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop. Its Flamboyant Gothic art attracted many craftsmen and artists before the city became even better known through the work of the Italian architects. Criterias: (ii) (iv) (vi)

12. Germany - Dresden Elbe Valley (4 Criterias): The 18th- and 19th-century cultural landscape of Dresden Elbe Valley extends some 18 km along the river from Übigau Palace and Ostragehege fields in the north-west to the Pillnitz Palace and the Elbe River Island in the south-east. It features low meadows, and is crowned by the Pillnitz Palace and the centre of Dresden with its numerous monuments and parks from the 16th to 20th centuries. Criterias: (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

13. Switzerland - Old City of Berne (1 Criterias): Founded in the 12th century on a hill site surrounded by the Aare River, Berne developed over the centuries in line with a an exceptionally coherent planning concept. The buildings in the Old City, dating from a variety of periods, include 15th-century arcades and 16th-century fountains. Criterias: (iii)

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